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Follow up studies have noted improvements in speaking, eating, breathing, and the ability to produce facial expressions and to experience facial sensation.

Current Limitations and Future Direction

There is still much to learn about this revolutionary procedure and with more and more patients undergoing this experimental, yet life-altering procedure our knowledge continues to grow. Research is ongoing into how to detect signs of rejection earlier so that intervention can be instituted before the rejection is irreversible.

Despite the inherent risks of this procedure, many patients are without other options for rehabilitation of their devastating injuries. Their willingness to partake in this experiment may one day turn this now novel procedure into a common and safe procedure that can help many others in the future.